Some of you might think that a Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is not real or just an illusion of a fictional story in a novel (Sydney Sheldon: Tell me your dreams).
But you know, the survey proves that there are about 1-7% of the world populations who suffer from this problem. And the number increases from year to year.
Dissociative Identity Disorder (formerly known as Multiple Personality Disorder) is said to be a psychological disorder caused by many factors, including childhood trauma, repeated physical abuse, sexual or emotional disorders.
Normal people generally also experience a mild dissociation such as daydreaming and temporarily forget the memory. But this DID is a severe case of dissociation, thus erasing all memories of the mind, brain, feelings, actions, and even one’s identity.
DID causes a person to form a new identity in order to be completely separate from past experiences that are too painful, such as deep trauma. Patients with this disorder are characterized by two or more distinct identities (separate from their original characters).
Some of these personalities will be appearing repeatedly and have the power to control one’s behavior and actions. In other words, DID patients have a split personality.
Switching is called when some characters appear to replace (original identity) to take over one’s thinking and behavior. Switching usually takes a few seconds, 20 minutes, and even up to several hours. In fact, in some cases, switching lasts for several days.
Patients with this type of personality problem may also have other mental disorders, such as depression, mood swings, suicidal ideations, insomnia, anxiety, alcohol, drugs, hallucinations, severe headaches, amnesia, and especially the feeling of loss of time.
He/she has some sort of feeling about the experience of being outside his/her own body. DID patients also tend to commit abuses and sabotage. This fatal act can be done to himself/herself or others.
So what are the signs of this personality disorder?
1.Depersonalization: characterized by periods of feeling disconnected or out of one’s body and mind (feeling like being outside of his/her own body).
2. Derealization: The feeling that the world is not real (foggy and distant).
3. Amnesia: Failed to remember his/her personal information.
4. Change of identity: Feelings of confusion who he/she really is.
5. Distortion: Deviation / forget about time, place, situation, and even his/her own identity.
Individuals with symptoms of DID, generally 99% are caused by severe trauma at a sensitive early age (usually 9 years). While some surveys prove that early symptoms of DID often occur in the family environment, where parents are extremely rude, often-beat children, terrible, brutal, and unexpected. This causes the child to become inactive and inferior.
Anastasia Wella, a beautiful young woman who has nine characters in one body. All of her characters have very different behaviors.
When she becomes one character, she will not remember any other characters.
According to Wella, a split character will usually appear when she faces a problem, feels threatened or when she has a difficult choice.
If Wella has started to panic, she will experience migrants and anxiety arises, usually a sign that “someone” will be present and control it unexpectedly.
Wella admits that she is very traumatized by the harsh treatment of her parents. The second child of four siblings is often harassed in an extraordinary way. She also often experiences mental stress from the school environment. Wella has been often ostracized, inferior, intimidated, and she always feels alone.
It causes fear always haunts wherever she goes. “Sometimes I’m locked up in the class until the end of school, I used to cry when my friends bother me,” Wella recalls. The incident happened repeatedly. Moreover, the incident occurred when Wella was 9 years old. It’s hard to forget the deep trauma that happened to her.
Unfortunately, there is “no cure” for this disorder. There are only long-term treatments such as speech therapy, psychotherapy, hypnotherapy, and adjunctive therapy (in the form of movement or art).
This treatment can occur if the patient continues to perform. Drugs for depression are needed to help the patient control his/her emotions and stay calm. Although the price of DID treatment is very expensive, they still have to do it.