5 Scientists Who Changed The World with Their Invention.

5 Scientists Who Changed The World.

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The science of today is the technology of tomorrow. Unarguably, in that scientists are the driving force of the civilization. From apple falling from tree to rocket going to the moon, there had been immense thought process and persistent effort till that final discovery made into our books.

No doubt these are not few people we can count on, yet in that, some of them made an invention which not only had an impact on our way of life but also revolutionized meaning of human existence into next level. Imagine if we are in the world where one couldn’t communicate to another person who lives at a great distance or we have to sail across the continent to meet someone. Perhaps this will be a primitive situation we could not afford to go back. Nevertheless, it is time to remember these invaluable scientists who radicalized the inventions of our time.

5. The Wright Brothers.

The Wright Brothers

As quoted by Bill Gates, “Wright brother created the single cultural force since the invention of writing. The airplane became the first world wide web, bringing people, languages, and ideas together”.

Wright Brothers are the inventors of this man-made bird. At the beginning of their discovery, Brothers built a kite and within 12 years they managed to build aircraft that crossed the continent. It is not just about their invention alone here, Brothers risked own life as the test pilot at that time when world disbelieved man-flying theory.

Wright brothers are not the first one tried to make a plane, there were numbers of inventors tried this experiment, despite the fact, Wright Brothers got the credit for inventing the airplane. The reasons were Brothers able to define airplanes better than any other inventors i.e., aircraft should be manned and air powered,  it should able to take off and land under its own power and eventually it should be able to control on all three axes (roll, pitch, and yawn) in order to avoid crashing which were common among those times.

In 1908, Wilbur Wright conducted their first flight public demonstration in France mainly to disapprove the skepticism among European aviation community.  Although this demonstration lasted only a minute and 45 seconds, Wright’s ability to control on flight movements and to encircle around the field that astonished spectators and subsequently silenced the critics.

4. Alexander Graham Bell.

Scientist Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Graham Bell is a prominent inventor, engineer, and teacher who is famous for the development of the telephone. His influence in phone creation comes from his mother and his wife who were deaf and that led him to pursue research work on hearing and speech,  further led him to create a hearing device which he received a patent for the telephone.

Bell worked with his assistant, Thomas Watson who was an electrician and supported Bell’s idea of making a telephone. His research work was to send human speech over electric signals. For that, he built a simple device called ‘the telephone’. Not to forget, the first words of the invention of the phone is “Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you.”

Telephone achieved its remarkable popularity and success through the Bell Company (later became American Telephone & Telegraph), which was initially organized by Bell’s father-in-law. Bell also made the immense contribution to the improvement of phonograph and invention of photophone (transmission of speech over light).

3. Thomas Alva Edison.

Scientist Thomas Alfa Edison

Before the electric bulb was invented, the light was provided to home by oil and natural gas. Edison, Telegraph operator, and inventor, who wanted to invent a light from the electric device.

His idea was to produce a light from filament by passing electricity to it. In order to achieve this, he and his team experimented with various materials. however these materials all burned up after few moments of producing light. At last, he found carbon fiber produced a light that lasted a long time without burning up.

Edison company distributed electric lights to homes and business for a small price each month. his small company expanded rapidly and also a pioneer in electricity. Edison is not only remembered for electric light but also for the invention of phonograph and improvement of the motion picture.

Edison once said that all his inventive methods come from hard work, experimentation and repeated failures. Until the end of his life, he has accumulated more than 2000 patents’ worldwide.

2. Sir Tim Berners-Lee.

Scientist Tim Berners-Lee

Lee, the inventor of  World Wide Web (WWW) and the Internet, is a director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) which aims to oversee the various developments of the website. From the invention of the WWW to receiver of numerous awards, including the one “The Man Who Changed the World”, in the event Mikhail Gorbachev, 2011 in London, Lee’s contribution to internet community is everlasting.

Lee created web as result of desperation because without web he couldn’t imagine the difficulty he had to go through in order to communicate between devices over hypertext and multi-font text objects (HTML). eventually, Lee had to put everything together to create web.

The interesting fact is that WWW is not commercialized or Patented. Tim Berners does not make money from his invention. Lee even said that if it was not he who created the WWW, then someone else would pass on this idea. Lee’s noble character indeed helped many of us to share information more easily than ever before.

1. Hedy Lamarr.

Scientists Hedy Lamarr

Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler, the world knows her by the name of Hedy Lamarr, was the famous female actress of her time. Her personal life is not separated from the media spotlight. In fact, this beautiful artist also once renowned for the title “The Prettiest Woman in The World”.

What made Lamarr so special was her invention of radio guidance system which was used in Allied Torpedo in order to spread spectrum and frequency of communication in World War II. Today, this guidance system principle is used in modern day communication technologies and devices such as mobile phones, pagers, WI-FI, satellite defense, Bluetooth and a large number of other spectrum devices.

Author: Nadiayu



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